Sadharani Geeti Tradition
“Music is pulsation of Life energy in its Sound form”
The Sadharani Geeti Dhrupad tradition of Ustad Zakiruddin Khan and Ustad Ziauddin Khan of Udaipur (Mewar) belongs to the Samgaan tradition of Indian Classical Music (ICM) and is based on the 7 Geetis of the Saamswarprakarni. In this tradition, music is believed to be the life force floating in the boat of musical notes. In this style, musical notes should be used in such a manner that the notes pulsate alive with a life force. Uttering the notes in their pure and genuine form and at their correct and accurate pitch coiled with the semi sounds i.e the Shrutis, is the main requirement of this style. The practitioners of this style must have a good knowledge of the Dhatus of this style. The Dhatus should be used according to the requirement of the Raga and where ever they appear useful.
The Sadharani Geeti as developed by Ustad Zakiruddin Khan is based mainly on the Arohanshi-Avrohanshi Murchhana system. Along with the Murchhana practice, the student should try to apply the Dhatus under the guidance of the guru. The Raga which is to be played should be practiced in Aroh and Awaroh in all the three Layas (speeds), then the Murchhanas of the Raga and their break ups should be practised.
In this tradition of Dhrupad, the use of the ‘Hiatu’ i.e Kala-Bhakti- the measure of the time intervals and of the period of silence of varied duration is stressed upon. It is deemed necessary that the Bhava and Rasa of the Raga should be brought out. To produce Bhava and Rasa, total involvement of the body i.e hand and finger gestures along with proper co-ordination of the eye glances and feet for Laya and Tala is required. Ustad Zakiruddin Khan and Ustad Ziauddin Khan always stressed the correct use of notes along with the Kala-Bhakti and the total body in practicing and presentation.
For an in-depth explanation on the Sadharani Geeti tradition of Ustad Zakiruddin Khan and Ustad Ziauddin Khan of Udaipur (Mewar), read Sadharani Geeti Tradition.
- By Dr. Rajshekhar Vyas